Stress Incontinence: An involuntary leakage of urine with coughing, sneezing, laughing, jumping and/or exercising. With these activities there is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, and if the pelvic floor muscles are not strong enough to hold in the urine, leakage can occur. Physical therapy can help by strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor to help decrease urine leakage.

Urge Incontinence: A sudden urge to urinate and/or leakage of urine when you have the urge and can’t make it to the bathroom on time. Physical therapy can help teach urge suppression techniques to retrain the brain, bladder, and pelvic floor to decrease urgency.

Mixed incontinence: A combination of both stress incontinence and urge incontinence. Physical therapy can help by strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor to decrease leakage and can help with urge suppression techniques to retrain the brain, bladder, and pelvic floor to decrease urgency.

Painful Bladder Syndrome: Also called interstitial cystitis. This is chronic pelvic pressure, pain or discomfort that is perceived to be related to the bladder. Physical therapy can help calm down the bladder and the muscles of the pelvic floor to decrease pain.